The Artist

Auguste Chabaud

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French, 20Ih century.

Born 4 October 1882, in Nîmes; died 23 May 1955, at the Mas de Martin, near Graveson.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator. Figures, figure compositions, landscapes.


Biography :


Auguste Chabaud studied at the Lycée and then at the École des Beaux-Arts in Avignon, where his family had settled in 1890. He studied with Pierre Grivolas, an Avignon artist who encouraged his students to follow only 'their natural meaning' before nature. In 1890, his parents moved to Mas de Martin in Graveson. In 1899, Chabaud went to Paris. There, he attended the Académie Julian and, sometimes, the open academy of Fernand Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts. As his parents could no longer support him, he enlisted in the merchant navy, and travelled to Sénégal and Dahomey ( Bénin). In 1902, he was a skirmisher in the military in Tunisia, and he brought back many sketches from Bizerte and .Tunis of the military and the inhabitants, as well as bordello interiors and bars crowded with sailors and women. Upon his return to France, he stayed again in Paris in Montmartre and Monparnasse. He kept his distance from the evolving .Fauve movement. preferring to work in Chatou and in Gustave Moreau's studio, although he took part in the famous 'cage of the Fauves' at the Salon d'Automne in 1907. It is possible that he also participated in a collective exhibition in the USA with Matisse and Picasso in 1914.

While in Paris, Chabaud painted typical scenes of the neighbourhoods and boulevards, café-concerts, parties, and of the circus and cabaret world. He used violent, contrasting colours, which brought him closer to Expressionism, where-as his choice of subjects is similar to that of van Dongen. He returned to Graveson around 1914, and painted landscapes of the hillside, the peasants and their stables, in a softened chromatic range with nuanced blacks, tinted whites, and deep blues. After the war, he settled in Graveson permanently, marrying the daughter of a neighbouring farmer in 1921, with whom he had seven children. He wrote a corpus of work in the Provencal dialect, including Poésie pure, pein­ture pure; Le Tambour Gautier, Le Taureau sacré (Pure Poetry. Pure Painting: The Drummer Gautier, the Holy Bull}. He also worked in sculpture.

From 1906, Chabaud exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants, and regularly showed at the Salon d'Au­tomne, of which he was a member, and the Salon des Tuile­ries from 1927. In 1912, his Works were presented at the Galerie Bernheim-Jeune. In 1966, he was included in Le Fau­visme français et les débuts de l'Expressionnisme allemand (French Fauvism and the Beginnings of german Expressionism), which was held at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris and at the Haus der Kunst in Munich. His work was also included in La Femme en Provence et en Méditerranée (Women in Provence and the Mediterranean) at the Fonda­tion Regards de Provence, Château Borély, in Marseilles in 2001. Important rétrospectives of his work include: 1952, 1965. Paris; 1956, Musée Cantini, Marseilles: 1986, Musée des Beaux-Arts. Orléans; 1999, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Troyes; and 2003, Auguste Chabaud: la Ville de jour comme de nuit Paris 1907-1912 (Auguste Chabaud: The City in both Day and Night, Paris 1907-1912). Musée Cantini, Marseilles.



(Source: Benezit)


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